Posts Tagged ‘Tata Ace’

New paper: “Frugal innovation and analogies: some propositions for product development in emerging economies”

Tuesday, July 1st, 2014

Working_Paper_84A new paper that seeks to generate some preliminary insights on the use of inventive analogies in the process of creating frugal innovations. The paper has been authored by Rajnish Tiwari, Katharina Kalogerakis and Cornelius Herstatt and was presented at the recently-held R&D Management Conference (June 3-6, 2014) in Stuttgart.

Abstract

Frugal products and services aim at satisfying the unsaturated demand of a large and growing middle class in many “emerging economies”. Although research has been conducted in regard to the strategic importance of frugal innovations, so far, the actual development process of such innovations has not been looked into in detail. Some examples show that inventive analogies are used to develop frugal innovations. For instance, the development of a frugal artificial heart was based on the heart structure of cockroaches, which led to a reduction of costs by 20 times.

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Innovieren für preisbewusste Kunden: Analogieeinsatz als Erfolgsfaktor in Schwellenländern

Monday, October 21st, 2013
An artfical heart developed by IIT Kharagpur based on an analogy  to a cockroach's heart. Photo courtsey: Times of India
An artfical heart developed by IIT Kharagpur based on an analogy to a cockroach’s heart. Photo courtsey: Times of India

Neue Publikation vom Center for Frugal Innovation @TIM/TUHH: Ein neues Arbeitspapier von Rajnish Tiwari und Cornelius Herstatt (Working Paper No. 75, TIM/TUHH) untersucht den EInsatz von innovativen Produktanalogien in frugalen Innovationsprojekten und kommt zum Schluss, “dass frugale Innovationen aufgrund der hohen Bedeutung von Risikominimierung in Produktentwicklungsprojekten häufig eine größere Offenheit für externes Wissen und Analogien aus ihrer Umwelt aufweisen, und davon auch viel profitieren. Den interessierten (potenziellen) frugalen Innovatoren kann diese Methode daher zwecks Reduzierung von Entwicklungskosten und –risiken aber auch zur Steigerung der Prozesseffizient empfohlen werden. Nicht zuletzt zeigen die Fallstudien aber auch, dass der Analogieeinsatz in frugalen Innovationen wichtige Erkenntnisse fürs Management von Innovationsprojekten in nicht-frugalem Bereich liefern kann.”

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Frugal Innovations for the ‘Unserved’ Customer: An Assessment of India’s Attractiveness as a Lead Market for Cost-effective Products

Thursday, March 1st, 2012

New publication from the Institute for Technology and Innovation Management, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH)

Title: Frugal Innovations for the ‘Unserved’ Customer: An Assessment of India’s Attractiveness as a Lead Market for Cost-effective Products
Authored by: Rajnish Tiwari and Cornelius Herstatt
Publication date: March 2012
Download: http://www.global-innovation.net/publications/PDF/Working_Paper_69.pdf

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Abstract

This study builds on our previous work, which had questioned the validity of certain assumptions of the lead market theory in the face of changing ground realities in a globalized world. Sustained economic growth and proven technological capabilities in some “emerging economies” like China and India call for a reassessment of the appropriateness of the “conventional wisdom” that had held true until recently. While our previous study had “re-built” a theoretical background of the lead market model by introducing some new elements, and doing away with certain others, with the help of two in-depth case studies; the purpose of the present study is to specifically assess India’s potential as a lead market for cost-effective frugal innovations.

The study crystallizes the inherent characteristics of frugal innovations, their development process and market success in the domestic and overseas markets by analyzing four successful product innovations from selected industries in India. The factors identified thus are then incorporated in the theoretic model to derive propositions about India’s lead market potential. Whereas affordability and economies of scale have traditionally constituted the primary concern for frugal innovations, an increasing shift towards “value proposition” is identified. Intensifying competition and growing customer aspirations are changing the nature of frugal innovations. The hitherto unserved customer demands attractive designs and modern technologies to come out of his shell of “non-consumption”. Our research confirms that frugal innovations can benefit end-consumers and firms, simultaneously. Better-designed products also have positive impact on the lead market potential, creating a virtuous cycle. The study also discovered that the increasing need for sophistication coupled with continued cost pressures is shifting the product development processes into the domain of “open global innovation”, which also helps reduce the negative country-of-origin effects faced by developing countries. The research would have implications for location decisions in setting up global innovation/R&D activities.

Keywords: Lead Markets; Frugal Innovations; India; Bottom of the Pyramid; Global Innovation; Open Innovation; Emerging Economies.