Posts Tagged ‘Brazil’

“Verlängerte Werkbank out, Innovation in”

Saturday, May 8th, 2010

Quelle: Der Standard, 06.05.2010, Wien

“Technologie wird in den Schwellenländern großgeschrieben. Und diese verbünden sich auf dem Gebiet großer Forschungs- und Entwicklungsprojekte zusehends…”

Weiter lesen auf derstandard.at:

USTR Releases 2010 Special 301 Report on Intellectual Property Rights

Saturday, May 1st, 2010

Washington, D.C. – (30.04.2010): The Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) today released its annual “Special 301” Report on the adequacy and effectiveness of U.S. trading partners’ protection of intellectual property rights (IPR). The Special 301 Report provides a means for the United States to communicate its concerns about the need to protect and enforce IPR. Fighting IPR theft in overseas markets is critical to the livelihoods of the estimated 18 million Americans who work in intellectual property-intensive industries.   […]

Again this year, USTR’s Special 301 Report highlights the prominence of IPR concerns with respect to China.   

“We are seriously concerned about China’s implementation of ‘indigenous innovation’ policies that may unfairly disadvantage U.S. IPR holders. Procurement preferences and other measures favoring ‘indigenous innovation’ could severely restrict market access for American technology and products,” said Ambassador Kirk. “Creating an environment that nurtures innovation and entrepreneurship is a worthy goal, but China must maintain a level playing field.”   

The Report identifies a wide range of other serious concerns, ranging from the severe problems of piracy and counterfeiting in China, to the challenge of Internet piracy in other countries, to ongoing systemic IPR enforcement shortcomings in many trading partners.   […]

BACKGROUND   

USTR reviewed 77 trading partners for this year’s Special 301 Report, and placed 41 countries on the Priority Watch List, Watch List, or the Section 306 monitoring list.   

The Special 301 designations and actions announced in the Special 301 Report are the result of close consultations with affected stakeholders, interested parties, foreign governments, and Congress, as well as discussions between interested federal agencies.   […]

Trading partners on the Priority Watch List do not provide an adequate level of IPR protection or enforcement, or market access for persons relying on intellectual property protection. China, Russia, Algeria, Argentina, Canada, Chile, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, and Venezuela are on the Priority Watch List. These countries will be the subject of particularly intense engagement through bilateral discussion during the coming year.   

Twenty-nine trading partners are on the lower-level Watch List, meriting bilateral attention to address underlying IPR problems: Belarus, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Finland, Greece, Guatemala, Italy, Jamaica, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Spain, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam.   

Paraguay will continue to be subject to Section 306 monitoring under a bilateral Memorandum of Understanding that establishes objectives and actions for addressing IPR concerns in that country.   

Our process of broad consultations is designed to ensure that Special 301 decisions are based on a robust understanding of often complex intellectual property issues and to help facilitate sound, well-balanced assessments of developments in particular countries. USTR necessarily conducts this assessment on a case-by-case basis, based on the particular facts and circumstances that shape IPR protection and enforcement regimes in specific countries. As discussed in the Report, USTR will continue to work closely with the governments of listed countries.

Source: Press release dated 30.04.2010 by Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)

Also see:

US calls level of China copyright theft ‘unacceptable’, in: The Economic Times, 01.05.2010

U.S. Says China, Russia Among Worst Copyright, Patent Offenders, in: BusinessWeek, 30.04.2010

“Abschied vom Weltauto”

Saturday, April 24th, 2010

“Es wäre für die Hersteller so schön einfach: Nur ein Modell für alle Abnehmer produzieren. Doch gerade Wachstumsmärkte wie Russland, Indien oder China haben ihre ganz eigene Autokultur. Die Konzerne müssen umdenken.”

Ein Artikel von Margret Hucko (erschienen in der Financial Times Deutschland, 23.04.2010, S. 4)

 […] Spätestens mit der wachsenden Nachfrage aus Asien hat sich die Autoindustrie von der McDonald’s-Strategie verabschiedet. Ein Auto, das auf allen Märkten gleich aussieht, gleich fährt und gleich viel kostet, mögen die Autokunden nicht. Die Idee vom genormten Weltauto ist passé. “Ein uniformes Auto wird nie Erfolge haben”, prognostiziert Autoexperte Helmut Becker, der als Chefvolkswirt für BMW gearbeitet hat. Chinesen wollen längere Autos, Inder fordern mehr Fahrkomfort, Russen ist Sicherheit nicht so wichtig. […]
 Weiterlesen auf ftd.de.

“Ein Trauerspiel namens ACTA” (Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement)

Saturday, April 3rd, 2010

“Das Schutzabkommen ist ein Fehler. Nicht nur, weil es intransparent ist. Sondern auch, weil es in Europa dringend nötige Innovation verhindert, schreibt Erika Mann” [in der Zeit].

ACTA nun will Normen schaffen, um den Schutz von geistigen Eigentumsrechten im Rahmen von internationalen Handelsabkommen durchzusetzen. So soll eine “Koalition der Willigen” als Lockmittel für Staaten wie China, Indien oder Brasilien herhalten, in denen geistige Eigentumsrechte vergleichsweise weniger geschützt werden. Kann ein solches Kalkül funktionieren? 

Quelle: http://www.zeit.de/digital/internet/2010-03/acta-europa-fail, 31.03.2010

ACTA Infos vom Office of the United States Trade Representative: http://www.ustr.gov/acta

India and Global Innovation at Unilever

Monday, March 29th, 2010

Mumbai: Hindustan Unilever Ltd (HUL) will look beyond its current bruising battles for market share and focus on doubling the business, the chairman of its parent said on Monday.

[…]

Polman said Unilever was leveraging its global network through the exchange of ideas and expertise. Products developed in India such as Pureit water purifiers have been taken to other markets such as China, Indonesia and Brazil while the new range of Sunsilk shampoos developed abroad have been brought into the Indian market. Paranjpe added that Unilever sent global experts from other markets to help HUL develop capabilities to deal with modern retail chains.

[…]

Source: “HUL sets sights on doubling business”, livemint.com, 30.03.2010